How to Cite an e-book
- E-books need some extra information in their citations, just as e-articles do.
- RefWorks will pull citations from the library catalog or article database, but you must still add the extra information to show that you used an electronic source.
- Each e-book interface has a different way to generate the citation. Please see the vendor-specific pages for how to do this in each.
APA = American Psychological Association
Note that APA style requires you to add the type of e-device, where you retrieved the e-book, and the URL or doi.
- Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
- Shotton, M.A. (1989) Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/html/index.asp]
- McMain, S., & Wiebe, C. (2013). Therapist compassion: A dialectical behavior therapy perspective. In A. W. Wolf, M. R. Goldfried & J. C. Muran (Eds.), Transforming negative reactions to clients: From frustration to compassion (pp. 163-173). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/13940-007
For more information on APA style, read this APA Style Blog entry on books and chapters.
Chicago Style Resources and Samples
Chicago Style (16th edition)
The citation style for e-books is exactly the same as for print books, only you have to add access/version information at the end of the citation. For books read online, list a URL (or the DOI if available). For books downloaded from a library or bookseller, list the version/format of the book you consulted. For items lacking fixed pagination, reference the section title or chapter title.
With Chicago, the citation style differs if you are using the Notes and Bibliography system or the Author-Date system.
For Notes and Bibliography:
Adapted from "Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide," accessed October 15, 2014, University of Chicago Press, http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html.
For more information, please reference sections 14.166-14.169, on pp. 726-728 of the print version of The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition (call no. Ref Z 253 .U69 2010) or the "Book published electronically" sections under both tabs for "Notes and Bibliography" and "Author-Date" at the following site:
MLA Style Resources and Samples
MLA = Modern Language Association
Practices for citing electronic resources in MLA style can be flexible. Usually, you can use the style for citing a print book and then just add the additional information to indicate its electronic origin and when you accessed it, as shown below.
The point to remember is to include enough information for others to be able to find your source.
Book available only on the Web or downloaded to an e-device
- Author or Editor’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book [put in quotes if part of a book]. Title of the Website. Editor of website [if given]. Publisher or sponsor of site [or N.p. if not available], Date of electronic publication [or N.d. if not available]. Medium [e.g., Web]. Day Month year of access.
- Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Project Gutenberg. N.p. (because I don't know the publisher) N.d. (because I don't know the date of electronic publication) EPUB. (or Nook Color, or Digital File, if you don't know the format) Downloaded March 25, 2011.
Book that has been scanned and put on the Web (e.g., from Google Books or from The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online)
- Powers, Robert. War Stories: A Sailor Remembers the Vietnam War. Historical Text Archive. Ed. Donald J. Mabry. N.p., 2006. Web. 25 Mar. 2011.
- Child, L. Maria, ed. The Freedmen's Book. Boston, 1866. Google Book Search. Web. 15 May 2008.
[this example is in MLA Handbook of Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., section 5.6.2, "A work cited on the web with print publication data"]
See also the online example from the source below:
e-mail about this guide: firstname.lastname@example.org
e-mail for research assistance: email@example.com
e-mail for technical assistance: firstname.lastname@example.org
phone: (415) 575-6187
image from Krazy Kat by George Harriman, 9/4/1918